There are several techniques used successfully at Hykeham Chiropractic – we’ll consider which is best for your own personal needs and explain it to you when you are with us.

Diversified Technique

The Diversified Technique is the most commonly used and easily recognisable chiropractic technique. It is the technique most often associated with a ‘clicking’ or ‘popping’ sound which is completely harmless. The chiropractor uses their hands to deliver what is termed a “high velocity, low amplitude” thrust towards a specific spinal segment in order to restore proper movement in that joint.


The Activator is a small, handheld, spring-loaded instrument that we use to adjust the spine. It is often our treatment of choice for our elderly patients and children since it is regarded as a gentle yet effective treatment option. It works by delivering a small yet very rapid impulse to the chosen spinal or extremity joint. The Activator is designed to deliver just enough force to affect the chosen joint whilst having a minimal impact on the surrounding tissues.

Blocks and Drops

These are two techniques used primarily to treat the sacroiliac joints (the two large joints where the base of the spine meets the pelvis). The Blocks consist of two padded wedges placed under specific areas of the pelvis as the patient lies either on their back or their tummy. This gentle technique uses the patient’s body weight to slowly stretch the structures around the sacroiliac joints and to move them back into the correct alignment.

The Drop Mechanism is a feature on many chiropractic benches used to deliver a measured specific thrust towards the sacroiliac joints (we also often use it to treat the hips and the lumbar spine). A portion of the bench will lift up by a small amount when required and will be adjusted so that there is just enough tension to hold the patient up. As the chiropractor delivers a small thrust to the bench, it will drop back down again. Like the Activator, this delivers a relatively small yet rapid force to a joint.

Applied Kinesiology

Applied Kinesiology (AK) combines a number of different therapies and uses muscle testing to determine how a person’s body is functioning. It focuses on the structural, chemical and mental aspects of a person’s health and is based on the theory that every organ is linked to a specific muscle. The muscle tests determine the tension in the muscle rather than raw strength. A ‘weak’ muscle can be an indication of the cause of a problem, and aids in determining the most appropriate treatment and recommendations. This may be chiropractic manipulation, joint mobilisation, myofascial (muscle) techniques and rehabilitation, meridian therapies (e.g. acupuncture) or cranial techniques. Muscle testing involves the patient resisting a force applied by the practitioner to a particular muscle or muscle group. It is performed in order to see the response of the muscle to the applied force and is associated with muscle tension and smoothness of the response rather than strength. A smooth response is called a ‘strong’ muscle and a ‘weak’ response is an inappropriate response.

Graston Technique

Graston Technique® is a form of instrument assisted soft tissue work (massage). It is a very specialised treatment for many conditions and has the ability to break down scar tissue formation in muscles and other soft tissues such as ligaments, tendons and connective tissue. It works by using specifically designed stainless steel instruments which help the practitioner to localise the injured tissue for a more accurate diagnosis and also treat deeper and more specifically. Combined with Chiropractic treatment you can achieve quicker and better outcomes from both acute and chronic conditions. The edge of the Graston Technique® Instruments combines with their shapes to mould the instruments to various contours of the body. This design allows for ease and better depth of treatment.

The Graston Technique® Instruments resonate in the clinician’s hands, much like a tuning fork. This allows the practitioner to find adhesions and restrictions, and treat them very precisely. Since the metal surface of the instruments does not compress tissue as the fingers do, deeper restrictions can be accessed and treated. When explaining the properties of the instruments, we often use the analogy of a stethoscope. Just as a stethoscope amplifies what the human ear can hear, so do the instruments increase significantly what the human hands can feel.

Kinesio Tape

Kinesio Taping is based on the idea that allowing a free range of motion will enable the body’s muscular system to heal itself bio-mechanically. Most athletic taping methods and traditional strapping methods block muscle and joint movement which can inhibit fluid and lymphatic flow around an injured area. Kineso tape is different in that it has elastic qualities similar to that of the skin so it can support joint and muscle systems and also stimulate lymphatic flow around an area to reduce healing times significantly.

Kinesio tape is great for all types of sports injuries but it can also be used for chronic swelling, improving muscle strength by placing muscles in a normal position, correcting postural problems, correcting joint misalignments and aiding rehabilitation after surgery.